An investigation in to the choice of Ground Access to Airport using Multinomial Logit Modelling

Document Type : پژوهشی


1 M.Sc. K. N. Toosi university of technology, Tehran, Iran

2 K. N. Toosi university of technology, Tehran, Iran


This study aimed at investigating air travellers’ behaviour with regard to choices for ground access to Imam Khomeini International Airport. The choices included subway, bus, carpooling, taxi, private car (parking) and private car (car drop-off). Data collection for this study was done during three days in summer, 2014, and Multinomial logit modelling was employed for this purpose. The survey was administered as a face to face interview in Imam Khomeini International Airport, which is located in Tehran, Iran. A total number of 257 questionnaires were collected, with the degree of validation being 34%. The most important results of this research indicate that the majority of imam Khomeini passengers have a high income(%90of them have 1.5 million tomans per month or higher) and car ownership(%92 of them have at least one car in their household). Considering that these passengers don’t have intention for using metro, with increasing the travel time, public transportation costs (e.g. parking cost) and improving metro service qulity (e.g. increasing the reliability and decreasing the travel time) , it may be possible to absorb them to use metro.


1. طاهرپور، ا.، «تحلیل و مدل‌سازی انتخاب وسیلۀ نقلیه در دسترسی زمینی به فرودگاه: مطالعۀ موردی فرودگاه بین‌المللی امام‌خمینی و فرودگاه مهرآباد»، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران‌جنوب، پایان‌نامۀ کارشناسی ‌ارشد، (1391).
2. Budd, T., Ryley, T. and Ison, S., "Airport Ground Access and Private Car use: A Segmentation Analysis", Journal of transport Geography, 36, Pp. 106-115, (2014).
3. Chebli, H., Mahmassani, H. S., "Air Travelers’ Stated Preferences towards New Airport Landside Access Mode Services", Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board. Washington DC, (2003).
4. Choo, S, Kim, I and You, S., "Exploring Characteristics of Airport Access Mode Choice in Korea. In 86th Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board", Washington DC, USA. (No. 07-2582), (2007).
5. Choo, S., You, S. and Lee, H., "Exploring Characteristics of Airport Access Mode Choice: A Case Study of Korea. Transportation Planning and Technology", 36(4), Pp. 335-351, (2013).
6. Donorfio, L. K. M., D'Ambrosio, L. A., Coughlin, J. F., Mohyde, M., "To Drive or Not to Drive, that Is Not the Question ­ the Meaning of Self-regulation Among Older Drivers", Journal of Safety Research 40, Pp. 221­226, (2009).
7. Gokasar, I. and Gunay, G., "Mode Choice Behavior Modeling of Ground Access to Airports: A Case Study in Istanbul", Turkey, Journal of Air Transport Management, 59, Pp. 1-7, (2017).
8. Gulsah Akar, A., "Ground Access to Airports, Case Study: Port Columbus International Airport", Journal of Air Transport Management, 275 West Woodruff Av., Columbus, OH 43210, Pp. 25-31, (2013).
9. Gupta, S., Vovsha, P., Donnelly, R., "Air Passenger Preferences for Choice of Airport and Ground Access Mode in the New York City Metropolitan Region", Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2042, 3e11, (2008).
10. Harvey, Greig., "Study of Airport Access Mode Choice", Journal of Transportation Engineering 112 (5), Pp. 525­545, (1986).
11. Jou, R., Hensher, D., Hsu, T., "Airport Ground Access Mode Choice Behavior after the Introduction of a New Mode: A Case Study of Taoyuan International Airport in Taiwan", Transportation Research Part E 47, Pp. 371­381, (2011).
12. Koster, P., Kroes, E., Verhoef, E., "Travel Time Variability and Airport Accessibility", Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper.Tinbergen Institute Amsterdam, 061/3, (2010).
13. Louviere, J. J., Hensher, D. A., Swait, J. D., "Stated Choice Methods. Analysis and Applications", Cambridge University Press, UK, (2000).
14. Mei-Ling Tam, William H. K. Lam, Hing-Po Lo., "The Impact of Travel Time Reliability and Perceived Service Quality on Airport Ground Access Mode Choice", Journal of Choice Modelling, Pp. 49-69, (2011).
15. Oort, O., "The Evaluation of Traveling Time", Journal of Transport Economics and Policy 3, Pp. 279­286, (1969).
16. Pels, E., Nijkamp, P., Rietveld, P., "Access to and Competition between Airports: A Case Study for the San Fransisco Bay Area", Regional Studies 35 (1), Pp. 1–9, (2003).
17. Psaraki, V., Abacoumkin, A., "Access Mode Choice for Relocated Airports: The New Athens International Airport", Journal of Air Transport Management 8 (2), Pp. 89–98, (2002).
18. Saad N. Alhussein., "Analysis of Ground Access Modes Choice King Khaled International Airport, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia", Journal of Transport Geography, No 19, Pp. 1361-1367, (2001).
19. Sangho, C., Ikki, K., SoYoung, Y., "Exploring Characteristics of Airport Access Mode Choice in Korea" ,Transportation Research Board 86th Annual Meeting. Paper #07-2582. Transportation Research Board. Washington, DC, USA, (2007).
20. Sobieniak, J., Westin, R., Rosapep, T., and Shin, T., "Choice of Access Mode to Intercity Terminal", Transportation Research Record, 728, Pp. 47-53, (1979).
21. Steer Davies and Gleave Ltd., "Some Stated Preference Case Studies", Journal of Transport Economics and Policy 22, PP. 80­84, (1988).
22. Surabhi Gupta, Peter Vovsha, Robert Donnelly., "Air Passenger Preferences for Airport and Ground Access Modein the New York Region", TRB 2008 Annual Meeting, (2007).
23. Tam, M., Lam, W., Lo, H., "Modeling Air Passenger Travel Behavior on Airport Ground Access Mode Choices", Transportmetrica 4 (2), Pp.135­153, (2008).
24. Tam, ML, Lam, WH and Lo, HP, "The Impact of Travel Time Reliability and Perceived Service Quality on Airport Ground Access Mode Choice", journal of Choice Modelling, 4(2), Pp. 49-69, (2011).
25. Train, K.E., "Discrete Choice Methods With Simulation", Cambridge University Press, UK., (2003).
26. Tsamboulas, D., Evamorfopoulos, A. P., Moraiti, P., "Modeling Airport Employee Commuting Mode Choice" , Journal of Air Transport Management, No 18, Pp. 74-77, (2012).
27. Yu-Chun, Chang., "Factors Affecting Airport Access Mode Choice for Elderly Air Passengers", Transportation Research Part E 57, No. 2, Pei-Ning Rd., Keelung 202-24, Pp. 105-112, (2013).
28. Yazici, M. A., Kamga, C. and Singhal, A., "Modeling Taxi Drivers’ Decisions for Improving Airport Ground Access: John F. Kennedy Airport Case. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 91, Pp. 48-60, (2016).