Numerical Modeling of Granular Soil Stabilized Using Biological Approach in Road Substrate

Document Type : Research Note


1 Shahid Beheshti University

2 Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran


Biological method is an unusual way for soil stabilization in civil engineering, particularly in the sectors of road. Microbial limestone deposits occur due to urea hydrolysis by an enzyme called urease. Through this reaction, PH of the soil increases and Crystals of limestone deposit between soil particles and reduce the permeability of soil. In this study, by using experimental results at the National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, a road improved sandy bed is modeled by biological methods. ABAQUS 6.11 in this study is used. The soil layer is modeled in elasto-plastic condition and Settlement is calculated by using elasto plastic model in various thicknesses. The results show a significant effect in reducing plastic deformation and increasing soil strength by using biological methods in soil improvement.


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