Presentation a Fuzzy Model to Determine Shoreline Sensitivity due to Oil Spill (Case Study- Mazandaran Coastal Area)

Document Type : Research Note


K.N.Toosi University of Technology


The Caspian Sea shoreline especially Mazandaran coastal area is very important area because of its economic, environmental, and fishery parameters as its high length is always exposed to the negative effects of oil spill. So, determination of its sensitive coastal areas due to oil spills, presentation of some approaches to develop the models, localization the methods and determination of sensitive coastal criteria to oil spills is much necessary. For creating this model, after recognizing the hazard line and creating the objective layers, the processed layers are weighted using analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and Fuzzy AHP methods, then according the fuzzy model the layers are combined by using geographic information system (GIS) software and the final sensitivity maps are produced. The fuzzy results show that the most area of Mazandaran province has a high sensitivity during the oil spills.


1. ناصر هراتی، سید امیر، "بررسی مکانیزم پخش آلودگی نفتی با استفاده از اطلاعات ماهواره ای"، پایان نامه‌ی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه صنعتی خواجه نصیرالدین طوسی، 1383.
2. دانه کار، ا .و نیکو بذل راد، ا.، " حساسیت زیست محیطی ناهمواری های ساحلی استان هرمزگان "، دومین سمپوزیوم بین المللی مهندسی محیط‏زیست، تهران، (1388).
3. Wirtz, K. W., & Liu, X. "Integrating economy, ecology and uncertainty in an oil-spill DSS: The Prestige accident in Spain, 2002", Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 70, pp. 525-532, (2006).
4. Castanedo, S., Juanes, J. A., Medina, R., Puente, A., Fernandez, F., Olabarrieta, M., & Pombo, C. "Oil spill vulnerability assessment integrating physical, biological and socio-economical aspects: Application to the Cantabrian coast (Bay of Biscay, Spain)", Journal of environmental management, Vol. 91, pp.149-159, (2009).
5. "طرح مدیریت یکپارچه‌ی مناطق ساحلی کشور: مطالعات مدیریت نوار ساحلی (SMP)"، سازمان بنادر و دریانوردی، (1385).
6. دانه کار، ا.، "پروژه‌ی پهنه‌بندی حساسیت زیست محیطی سواحل استان مازندران"، مدیر کل دفتر محیط زیست دریایی سازمان محیط زیست، ایران، (1384).
7. Malczewski , J.,"GIS and Multi Criteria Decision Analysis", John Wiley & Sons INC, (1999).
8. Hill, M. J., Braaten, R., Veitch, S. M., Lees, B. G., and Sharma, S., "Multi-criteria decision analysis in spatial decision support: the ASSESS analytic hierarchy process and the role of quantitative methods and spatially explicit analysis", Environmental Modeling & Software, Vol. 20, pp. 955-976, (2005).
9. Saaty, T. L., "How to make a decision: the analytic hierarchy process", European journal of operational research, Vol. 48, pp. 9-26, (1990).
10. Marinoni, O., "Implementation of the analytical hierarchy process with VBA in ArcGIS", Computers & Geosciences, Vol. 30, pp. 637-646, (2004).
11. Deng, H., "Multicriteria analysis with fuzzy pairwise comparison", International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, Vol. 21, pp. 215-231, (1999).
12. Jie, L. H., Meng, M. C., and Cheong, C. W. "Web based fuzzy multicriteria decision making tool", International Journal of the computer, the Internet and management, Vol. 14(2), pp. 1-14, (2006).